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Humans are getting useful materials by contacting the natural world to lead physically better lives. Since resources are what humans collect and produce for some purpose, they have liquidity that increases or decreases in kind and quantity according to the purpose of human ability or desire. Therefore, the resources that have been considered most important so far may not be important, while others that are not so important may become important.
In general, the most useful resources for human life are land, water, and minerals. Among them, the land is the place where we live, water makes plants and animals live on this land, forming the basis of our lives, and minerals make life abundant.
These basic resources and natural resources are manifested in the form of resources that can be seen by the human ability, that is, food resources, industrial resources, and energy resources. These resources are also referred to as primary resources, which in turn are processed into secondary and tertiary resources and become useful materials for human life.
Human beings are developing new resources based on their abilities. However, most of the resources, except for some special resources on the earth, are ubiquitous and their abundance is limited, so if they are continuously developed in the future, it will be depleted some time and will surely meet the resource crisis.Resources also have an impact on humans as well as ecosystems when used excessively, which can lead to the development of resources for living well to result in mischief, so you have to think about conservation issues ahead of development.
Minerals are substances that have a certain chemical composition and physical properties and are made of crystalline materials. A group of rocks that are rich in useful elements or minerals is called an ore, and it is called a mineral resource when it is possible to mine the ore and it has economic value. The characteristics of mineral resources are scarcity and ubiquity. For minerals to have economic value, they must concentrate on the mineral deposits above a certain rate and also involve mining and smelting techniques. The development and exploitation of mineral resources began with the origins of mankind. In the Stone Age, stoneware was used for daily life, and it can be said that it was the beginning of the mining industry.
The minerals produced as underground resources are divided into metallic minerals and non – metallic minerals.
What are forest resources? Resources, necessary materials, and fuels for our daily life are obtained due to the existence of forests, and it helps with natural purification.
Marine resources refer to all the resources that are generated in the ocean and are present in the ocean, such as seabed geological mineral resources, marine biological resources and marine physical resources, and ocean chemical resources. Submarine geological mineral resources are developed and extracted from the surface layer of the seabed. As resources that have economic value both now and in the future, there are energy resources such as petroleum and gas, as well as mineral resources, that develop on the surface of the sea floor. Marine chemical resources are the constituents of seawater as well as various chemical components. Not only fresh water but also salt, magnesium, and lots of components are extracted from the seawater. Oceanic physical resources can be used as energy resources, such as algae force, wave force, current force, and temperature difference, all of which are dynamic forces due to the physical action of seawater.
Renewable Energy Resources
Energy resources are basic resources for obtaining heat and light, which are essential in human life. Energy resources are largely divided into muscle energy resources using labor and reverse axes; natural energy resources using hydro, tidal, wind and solar heat, geothermal, etc.; chemical energy resources using coal, oil, and gas; and fusion energy resources such as nuclear power. The use of hydropower in natural energy resources can be found mostly in the use of waterfalls, which is estimated to be around the 5th and 6th centuries.
One of the differences between humans and animals is that humans acquire skills and apply those in their lives through practicing. Historical events that have revolutionized world culture with technological advancement include the use of stone and fire, the use of bronze and iron, the development of irrigation and alchemy, and the use of letters in prehistoric times and ancient times. In the Middle Ages, there were technologies of printing, sailing, and steam engine inventions. After the Industrial Revolution, the use of electricity, oil, engine development, etc. was developed, and in modern times, it is the use of nuclear technology, space science technology, computers, and office automation.
Major businesses include ① major global markets – exploration and development to secure new renewable energy in South America, Central Asia, and mineral resources of Africa; ② technology and funding to secure global (worldwide) mineral resources and renewable energy; ③ reserves for mineral resources to establish a stable supply base of mineral resources; ④ development and dissemination of mineral test analysis and value-added technology; and ⑤ investment in corporations engaged in mineral resource-related businesses in the global market.
Especially, the business concentrates its ability to increase the self-development rate of six strategic minerals (bituminous coal, uranium, copper, iron, nickel, and zinc). Representative projects include Ethiopia Nickel Light, Korea’s Nephrite Light, and Indonesia Mine Coal. In addition, through resource information service, the resource industry will analyze global mineral resource trends, international resource prices, resource investment information, and resource supply-and-demand statistics, and it will continue to research and invest even if trial and error occur.
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